February 1

Jesus’ Teaching on the Issue of Fruit and No Fruit

One of Jesus’ most difficult sayings to interpret is John 15:2a, 6 where He says “Every branch in me that does not bear fruit he [my Father] takes away…If anyone does not abide in me he is thrown away like a branch and withers; and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned.”  There are three views of this important passage and the relationship of fruit to salvation for believers.


The view of those in the Arminian wing of the church is that this refers to genuine Christians who bear no Christian fruit and lose their salvation.  They were in the vine and vitally connected to Jesus but stopped following Him and had their salvation taken away.  The problem with this is that it clearly conflicts with other passages in John where Jesus says true Christians can never perish.  John 6:39 says, “And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day.”  On the principle that God’s Word is consistent and non-contradictory we must reject this view of the non-fruit-bearing branches.


Another view, popular with some Evangelicals, but more recent in the history of the church, is that the non-fruit-bearing branches are true Christians who have their works burned up and receive little or no rewards.  These are Christians who live like the world but have no fruit to offer to God at the judgment seat of Christ.  These fulfill 1 Corinthians 3:15 which says, “If anyone’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire.”  The problem with this is that it is the branch itself that Jesus says is burned, not the unfruitful works of the branch.  Also, when Jesus spoke about fruit elsewhere he made it clear that the tree is known by its fruit and that bad fruit is characteristic of an evil heart, Luke 6:43-45.  Clearly Jesus taught that Christian fruit is the mark of a relationship with Him, Matthew 7:16-23.  View two is inconsistent with Jesus’ teaching elsewhere.


The final view, and one widely held in Christian history, is that the no-fruit-branches represent false believers who appear to be believers but only have an outward attachment to Jesus and have never really been born again.  Since Judas had just recently departed the upper room before Jesus spoke the words about no fruit in John 2, many Bible students believe he illustrates the kind of person Jesus was talking about.  He looked so much like the other eleven that they thought he was one of them.  But he bore no lasting fruit and Jesus said it was better that he had never been born, Mark 14:21.  He was never vitally connected with Jesus and showed no fruit of a changed life.  He was not the good soil that Jesus said represents true believers who all bear fruit but just not in the same amounts, Luke 8:15.  If this is the correct view, what do we learn from Jesus?


One thing we learn is that a relationship with Jesus is clearly life-transforming.  Not all mature to the extent they should and every believer has remaining vestiges of sin, but new life will manifest itself in new fruit.  Another thing we learn is that it is possible to attach oneself to the Christian church and even think one belongs to Jesus, and yet be self-deceived because of the absence of new life.  Such people hear in the end the Master’s words “I never knew you,” Matthew 7:21-23.  Finally, we learn that presumption is not the same as eternal security.  All true believers can and should be secure in their salvation knowing that they will never perish and their sins are eternally forgiven, John 10:28-29.  But such believers are not presumptuous believing that they can live sinfully and carelessly and still claim to be saved.  True believers heed Paul’s words, “Examine yourselves, to see whether you are in the faith.  Test yourselves.  Or do you not realize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you?—unless indeed you fail to meet the test!”  Happy is the believer who passes the faith and the fruit test.


Your friend, wanting to bear fruit, Pastor Brian (:-}).